Matthew the Evangelist is traditionally believed to be the author of the Gospel of Matthew. He is also known as Levi. At first a tax collector by trade, he was called to be one of the twelve disciples of Jesus Christ, and was later one of the Apostles. Some traditions say that Matthew was martyred in Ethiopia, others say that he was martyred in Hierapolis of Parthis. According to Epiphanius, Bishop of Cyprus, Matthew the Evangelist was martyred in Hierapolis, and the Matthew who replaced Judas Iscariot among the twelve apostles is the one who was martyred in Ethiopia.