The Middle East, as a geographic entity, comprises the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. The countries forming the Middle East are Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Palestine, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Yemen, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, Abu Dhabi and United Arab Emirates. "Middle East" is still not a completely settled term and in some documents this area can also be referred to as the Near East. Moreover, the list of countries discussed in the context of Middle East is occasionally extended due to strong cultural, economic and political relationships to include such countries as Morocco, Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Afghanistan, Pakistan and even Greece.
The Middle East is a subregion of Africa-Eurasia.