Mole

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  1. The SI unit for amount of substance
  2. A subterranean insectivore
  3. A Mexican sauce

1.

A mole is one of the seven SI base units. It is defined as the amount of substance of a system which contains as many elementary entities as there are atoms in 0.012 kilogram of carbon-12. When the mole is used, the elementary entities must be specified. Entities may be:

See also chemistry and physics

Put more colloquially, the mole is a convenient way of counting large numbers of particles. The number defined above ("as many elmentary entities . . . ") is known as Avogadros Number, and is approximately 6.02 x 1023. If you are dealing with this many atoms or eggs or artichoke hearts, then you have a mole of atoms or eggs or artichoke hearts. If you have half this number of such entities, then you have half a mole of such entities.


2.

A mole is a type of insectivore that lives under ground, burrowing holes. It feeds on small invertebrate animals living under ground. There are also similar-looking but herbivorous rodents called mole rats that enjoy a similar life-style and are commonly called "moles".


3.

Mole is a sauce very popular in Mexico. It consists of all kind of chiles mixed with spices, unsweetened chocolate, peanuts and many other varied ingredients.

The most popular kinds come from the Mexican states of Puebla and Oaxaca, there is a national mole fair in the town of Actopan in Mexico City.

Mole is the main ingredient to prepare enchiladas in the south of the country, it is also used with chicken and rice.

One can buy mole ready made in any market, it is a kind of paste that can vary in colour from deep black to green or even yellow depending on the ingredients used, it is also found in modern supermarkets were it is sold by food companies either canned, in glass vases, or in cubes that can be disolved in water.