Most traditional Wiccans worship the God and Goddess, and many traditional Wiccan covens are made up of equal numbers of men and women emphasizing the importance of balance between the male and female. This balance extends sexually as well, and there are probably around the same percentage of homosexuals practicing traditional Wicca, as the percentage of homosexuals in the population at large.
Dianic Wicca (also known as Women's Spirituality) is a branch of Wicca practiced almost exclusively by women. Dianic Wiccans have removed the male principal almost entirely from their religion. They worship the Goddess only and form female-only covens. Many Dianic Wiccans are lesbians, extending their religious beliefs into everyday life. Many lesbians become Dianic Wiccans as it is a religion that not only welcomes them, but treats them as the norm. Much of the literature written for Dianic Wiccans address the reader with the assumption that she is lesbian. Although Dianic Wicca consists largely of a lesbians population, heterosexual women are not in any way stigmatized or discriminated against. Dianic Wiccans perform many lesbian handfastings every year.
In the 1970's when the Dianic Wicca movement began, traditional wiccans were very upset by it. Dianic Wiccans were excluded from large Neo-pagan gatherings, were threatened, had their circles broken up, and in some cases attacked by non-Dianic wiccans. It is unclear at this time whether the contention was over the exclusion of men from their beliefs, their sexual orientation, or both. The anger between the two groups died down after the 1970's and now traditional Wiccans and Dianic Wiccans frequently work side-by-side at large neo-pagan festivals.
Another branch of Wicca has provided a home for many neo-pagan homosexual men. The Faery Wicca tradition is very open to all sexual orientations and some sources encourage bisexuality during rituals to reach states of ecstasy. Faery Wiccan covens of gay men only have been formed and are readily accepted among the larger group of Faery Wiccans. Both hetrosexual and homosexual couples are married and handfasted in Faery Wiccan ceremonies every year.
Many Neopagan gods and goddesses are believed to have been bisexual or gay. The Neopagan pantheon includes many gay themes. A few of them are:
- Apollo was known for having sexual relationships with men. Hyacinth was one of his lovers. When Hyacinth, died, Apollo created the flower from his blood. Hyacinth became the patron of gay love.
- Astarte, the Great Mother, is sometimes a hermaphrodite. Her temple staff included a caste of gay male priests called the kelabim.
- Pan, the patron god of shepherds and god of nature, was famous for his sexual prowess with both maidens and shepherds.
We really need a viewpoint from the Dianic tradition.