North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere of earth, located to the east of the Pacific Ocean, the west of the Atlantic Ocean, the south of the Arctic Ocean, and the north of South America. On the continent itself can be found three large and relatively populous countries:
At the extreme southern end of the continent, in a relatively small area (smaller than an average Canadian province) called central America are:
In or very near the Caribbean Sea are some island nations and territories, the most notable of which are:
- Aruba (Netherlands)
- Dominican Republic
- Puerto Rico (U.S. free associated state)
- Trinidad and Tobago
The island territory Greenland is considered to be in North America and is located in the far north, to the east of the Canadian Northwest Territories.