The Northwest Passage is a route from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean through the Arctic archipelago of Canada.
Between the end of the 15th century and the 20th century Europeans attempted to establish a commercial sea route north and west around the American Continents, calling this route the Nortwest Passage.
The Northwest Passage was not conquered by sea until 1906, when the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, who had sailed just in time to escape creditors seeking to stop the expedition, completed an three-year voyage in a converted 47-ton herring boat. The first single-season passage was not accomplished until 1944, when the St. Roch, a Royal Canadian Mounted Police schooner, made it through.
- The St. Roch website: http://www.vmm.bc.ca/exhibits/St_Roch.htm