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The olive is the fruit of the olive tree. Used since ancient times for the making of olive oil and for eating of the fruit itself. The olive is used in different culinary diciplines: In drink mixing it is a famous part of a dry martini; in susages, it may be used in mortadella and so on.

Cultivation of the olive is is a key characteristic of Mediterranean mixed farming, and played a large part in the economic development of ancient Greece because of the suitability of olive oil as an export crop. For instance Attica, the region of Athens, was a grain importer and olive oil exporter from early historic times.