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Paraphilias are sexual desires or activities that lie outside the cultural norm, and under some conditions are considered mental disorders. Some paraphilias have been (and are) considered to be sex crimes in some jurisdictions. At one time homosexuality was considered to be a paraphilia, but currently it is usually not reckoned among them.

Similarly, consensual sadomasochism, exhibitionism, voyeurism and non-psychotic forms of fetishism, urophilia and coprofilia are increasingly becoming culturally acceptable forms of sexuality. Professional treatmeant is usually indicated only when such conditions lead to involvement of non-consenting sexual partners, or are clearly damaging to the physical or mental well-being of the paraphiliac.

Paraphilias include:

  • zoophilia: sexual attraction to animals, or bestiality
  • pedophilia: sexual attraction to pre-pubescents
  • coprophilia: sexual attraction to feces
  • urophilia: sexual attraction to urine
  • sadomasochism: taking sexual pleasure in inflicting pain, or having pain inflicting upon one's self. (See also "bondage and discipline" and BDSM)
  • fetishism: sexual attraction to a physical object
  • pictophilia: inability to become sexually aroused except through the use of pornography
  • telephone scatologia: being sexually aroused by making obscene telephone calls
  • frotteurage: sexual arousal through rubbing one's self against a non-consenting stranger in public
  • necrophilia: sexual attraction to corpses
  • lust murder: sexual arousal through committing murder
  • exhibitionism: sexual arousal through displaying genitals in public
  • voyeurism: sexual arousal through watching without permission others having sex

Paraphilias are defined by the DSM-IV.