Pharmacology

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Pharmacology is a branch of science about medicinal substances, called "drugs", their composition, properties and effects that can be used in therapy of diseases.

Greek : pharmacon - drug, logos - science.

There are various classification systems for medicinal products including ATC classification.

Classes of medicinal products:

For the Gastrointestinal Tract
(see also Digestive system) antacid, reflux suppressant, antiflatulent, antidopaminergic, antispasmodic, proton pump inhibitor, cytoprotectant, prostaglandin analogue, laxative, antidiarrhoeal, colorectal agent, pancreatic enzyme, bile acids

For the Cardiovascular System
ACE inhibitor, cardiac glycoside, phosphodiesterase inhibitor, nitrate, antiarrhythmic, Beta blocker, antianginal, diuretic, antihypertensive, Ca plus plus antagonist, Alpha blocker, vasodilator, antihistamine, peripheral activator, anticoagulant, heparin, antiplatelet drug, fibrinolytic, haemostatic drug, hypolipidaemic agent,


For the Central Nervous System
hypnotic, anxiolytic, antipsychotic, antidepressant anti-emetic, anticonvulsant and antiepileptic, movement disorder drug, CNS stimulant
barbiturate, tricyclic antidepressants, benzodiazepine, cyclopyrrolone, dopamine antagonist, antihistamine, anticholinergic, cannabinoids, 5HT antagonist, amphetamine, monoamine oxidase inhibitor, lithium salt

For Pain
analgesic, antipyretic, migraine treatment drug
NSAID, nacotic analgesic

For Musculo-Skeletal Disorders
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, muscle relaxant, neuromuscular drug
anticholinesterase

For Endocrine problems
androgen, antiandrogen, gonadotrophin, corticosteroid, growth disorder drug, insulin, hypoglycaemic, thyroid drug, antithyroid drug, calcitonon, diphosponate, vasopressin analogue

For the Genito-Urinary System
antifungal, alkalising agent, quinolone, antibiotic, cholinergic, anticholinergic, anticholinesterase, antispasmodic, antibacterial, 5-Alpha reductase inhibitor, selective Alpha 1 blocker

For Infections and Infestations
antibiotic, antibacterial, antifungal, antileprotic, antituberculous drug, antimalarial, anthelmintic, amoebicide, antiviral, antiprotozoal

For Immunology
vaccine, immunoglobulin, immunosuppressant

For Nutrition
tonic, iron preparation, electrolyte, parenteral nutritional supplement, vitamins, anti-obesity drug, anabolic drug, haematopoietic drug, food product drug

For the Respiratory System
bronchodilator, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, antitussive, mucolytic, decongestant
corticosteroid, Beta antagonist, anticholinergic, steroid

For the Ear, Nose and Oropharynx
sympathomimetic, antihistamine, anticholinergic, anti-inflammatory, steroid, antiseptic, local anaesthetic, antifungal, cerumenolytic


For the Eye
anti-infective, topical antibiotic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, miotics, adrenergic neurone blocker, carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, ocular lubricant, mydriatic, stains

For Allergic Disorders
anti-allergic, [[antihistamine], NSAID

For the Skin
emollient, anti-pruritic, antifungal, antibacterial, disinfectant, scabicide, pediculicide, tar products, vitamin A derivatives, vitamin D analogue, keratolytic, abrasive, systemic antibiotic, topical antibiotic, hormones, desloughing agent, exudate absorbant, fibrinolytic, proteolytic, sunscreen, antiperspirant

For Contraception
contraceptive, oral contraceptives, contraceptive devices, spermicide, depot contraceptives

For Obstetrics and Gynaecology
NSAID, anticholinergic, haemostatic drug, antifibrinolytic, Hormone Replacement Therapy, bone regulator, Beta agonist, follicle stimulating hormone, leuteinising hormone, LHRH
gamolenic acid, gonadotrophin release inhibitor, progestogen, dopamine agonist, oestrogen, prostaglandin, gonadorelin, clomiphene, tamoxifen

For Neoplastc disorders
cytotoxic drug, sex hormones, aromatase inhibitor, somatostatin inhibitor, recombinant interleukin


antinfective, neuroleptic, antiserum


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