Pope Boniface VIII

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Boniface VIII, pope (1294-1303), born Benedict Cajetan, a man of great ability, was elected in 1294, Celestine V having been persuaded to resign. He meddled incessantly in foreign affairs, and put forward the strongest claims to temporal as well as spiritual supremacy. His bitterest quarrels were with the emperor, with the powerful family of the Colonnas, and with Philip the Fair of France, whom he excommunicated in 1303. He was about to lay all France under an interdict when he was seized at Agnani by a party of horsemen under Philippe de Nogaret, an agent of Philip and Sciarra Colonna. After three days' captivity he was resued by the town's people, but the agitation he had undergone caused his death soon after, on the 11th October 1303. In 1300 Boniface instituted the jubilees, which afterwards became such a source of profit and of scandal to the church.


Dante put him in the Inferno.


from the 9th edition (1880s) of an unnamed encyclopedia

preceded by Pope Celestine V (1294)
succeeded by Pope Benedict XI (1303-1304)