Preterism is a variant of Christian eschatology that holds that all the prophecies in the Bible about 'the last days' were fufilled in the first century after the birth of Jesus Christ. The name is derived from the term preterit, or past perfect tense. Adherents of this view are known as Preterists.
Preterists believe that prophecies such as the defiling of the Temple, the destruction of Jerusalem, the Antichrist, the Great Tribulation, the Second Coming, the advent of The Day of the Lord, the Resurrection of the Dead(though they do not believe in bodily resurrection) and the Final Judgment were fufilled at or about the year 70 AD when the Roman general(and future Emperor) Titus sacked Jerusalem.
Like most theological disputes the divide between Preterism and its opposite Futurism is over how literally certain passages of scripture should be interpreted. Futurists assert that Preterists have spriritualized prophecies they see as describing literal, visible events. Whereas Preterists believe that Futurists are overly literal and don't give sufficient weight to scriptures that seem to show that the first century Church believed the Second Coming would occur in their lifetime.
Those that believe that most 'end times' prophecies have already been fufilled but that the Second Coming, the bodily Resurrection of the Dead and the Final Judgment are yet future call themselves Partial Preterists. Full Preterism is sometimes referred to as Hyper-Preterism or Hymenaeanism to distinguish it from the more widely held Partial Preterism. Many Full Preterists believe the label Partial Preterist is misapplied, pointing out that all schools of eschatological thought hold that at least some prophetic events have already occurred and that 'Partial Preterism' is more accurately classified as a form of Futurism. See also: prophetic futurism prophetic historicism External links:
- Proponents of Preterism:
- Criticisms of Preterism: