Rap music

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A form of Popular Music emphasizing rhyming voices over musical instruments, as well as sampling, scratching and mixing by DJs. The first rap records did not contain any sampling, probably due to the fact that at the time (1979-1985) the equipment was not available. Rapping began as a variation on the toasting found in reggae and dub music, mixed with influences from radio DJs and playing the dozens. Also of influence were the works of The Last Poets and Gil Scott Heron. The original rappers, or MCs (from "Master of Ceremonies") would improvise rhymes over the beats created by the DJs. Early raps were frequently merely a sequence of boasts, or attempts to upstage the other MCs. In the eighties, however, rap became increasingly politicised, through the works of Public Enemy and others, and tended to chronicle the black urban experience. Gangsta rap may be seen in this context of subversion. The first rap record was "King Tim III" by the Fatback Band (featuring the rapper King Tim III). The Sugarhill Gang followed the same year with "Rappers Delight", that became a major hit and is based on Chic's disco track Good Times. - Rapping can be seen as one of the four elements of hip hop: MCing (rapping), DJing (mixing, cutting and scratching), graffiti, and breakdancing. However, in the course of rap's history, new musical styles developed that use rapping but cannot be called rap music or hip hop - especially rapcore, also known as rap/rock or rap/metal. Some alternative rap has musically very little to do with hip hop and rap music.


/Old School
/New School
/Second Wave
/Gangsta rap
/South Side

some artists:

Old School

Sugarhill Gang
Kurtis Blow
Afrika Bambaataa

New School

Schoolly D
Beastie Boys
Public Enemy

Latin Rap

Kid Frost
Cypress Hill

Gangster Rap

Ice T
Dr. Dre
Ice Cube
Tupac Shakur


Uncle Luke
The 2 Live Crew
Kilo Ali
Clay D
69 Boys
Gigolo Tony

Dirty South

Parental Advisory
Master P
Trick Daddy
Triple 6 Mafia

Soul Assassins

Cypress Hill
House of Pain


Wu-Tang Clan
Missy Misdemeanour Elliott


Marley Marl
The Bomb Squad
Prince Paul
DJ Muggs

Worldwide Rap

French Rap

Italian Rap

Spanish Rap

German Rap

Swiss Rap

Latin rap

African Rap

Greek Rap

Turkish Rap

Mexican Rap