Richard Hooker (1554-1600)
"On any list of great English theologians, the name of Richard Hooker would appear at or near the top. His masterpiece is The Laws Of Ecclesiastical Polity. Its philosophical base is Aristotelian, with a strong emphasis on natural law eternally planted by God in creation. On this foundation, all positive laws of Church and State are developed from Scriptural revelation, ancient tradition, reason, and experience." 
Also see http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/hooker.htm for an already-comprehensive treatment of his life and works.