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Rosa Parks is a noted civil rights activist. She is mainly known for her December 1st, 1955 protest against laws requiring segregation -- she simply refused to give up her seat to a white man and move to the back of the bus in Birmingham, Alabama. She was arrested and tried, and the case resulted in the 1956 United States Supreme Court ruling that overturned the Alabama law.

After a lifetime of productive activity in the cause of fighting racism, Parks was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor in 1999.