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The Sámi (or Saami, also called Lapps) are the aboriginal inhabitants of northern Sweden, Norway and Finland. They call this area Sápmi. Population about 85,000, they are known as reindeer herders. Many books and official documents call these people Lapps, but they prefer to be called Sámi or Saami, the name they use for themselves.

They speak several languages of their own from the Finno-Ugric family, related to Finnish but not to Swedish and kin. See Saami language.

See also aborigine, other Northern peoples: Eskimo, Innu, Inuit, Inuvialuit, Aleut.

External References

For various Russian peoples, see (They list 85 groups. I don't know which ones are Northern.)

The Nordic FAQ at has a section on the Sámi.