Saint Louis Cardinals

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A Major League Baseball team based in Saint Louis, Missouri USA.

Founded: 1882, in the American Association; to National League in 1892.
Home ballpark: Busch Stadium
Uniform colors: cardinal red and white.
Logo design: A cardinal; sometimes, two cardinals perched on a baseball bat.
Pennants won: AA: 1885, 1886, 1887, 1888; NL: 1926, 1928, 1930, 1931, 1934, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1946, 1964, 1967, 1968, 1982, 1985, 1987
World Series championships won: 1926, 1931, 1934, 1942, 1944, 1946, 1967, 1982

Franchise history

The Saint Louis Cardinals are Saint Louis's Major League baseball team and a member team of the National League since 1892. The team were formed as part of the American Association in 1882, and at that time were called the Browns, under which name they joined the NL when the American Association went out of business. They were briefly the Perfectos during 1899 before settling on their present name. The Cardinals play at Busch Stadium. (In 1901 the Milwaukee Browns came to St Louis, where they played as the St Louis Browns before relocating to Baltimore as the Orioles in 1954).

Highlights from Cardinal history include the 1930s era "Gas House Gang" featuring Dizzy Dean, Joe Medwick, and Enos Slaughter. In 1934, Dean and his younger brother, Paul, combined to win 49 games- still a single season record for brothers. Dizzy, whose real name was Jerome Herman Dean, won 30 of them, with Paul contributing 19 wins.

In the 1940s, the Cardinals dominated the National League, and in 1944 they met their crosstown rivals, the St. Louis Browns, in the "trolley car Series". Stan "The Man" Musial arrived in St. Louis. Known to loyal fans as "Ol' Number 6", Musial spent 23 years in a Cardinal uniform. In the 1970s, a statue of Musial was constructed outside Busch Stadium downtown.

The 1960s brought three National League pennants to St. Louis. Hall of Famers such as Lou Brock, Bob Gibson, Tim McCarver, Steve Carlton, and Orlando Cepeda led the "Redbirds" to a pair of World Series titles in the decade.

After a less than successful 1970s, new Cardinal manager Whitey Herzog revived the winning tradition at Busch Stadium. Herzog's brand of baseball, known in St. Louis as "Whiteyball", featured speed on the basepaths, sparkling defense, and unconventional roster moves. In his 11 years as Cardinal manager, Herzog won three National League pennants, and a 1982 World Series title. The 1980s era Cardinals included stars Ozzie Smith, Willie McGee (who won two batting titles in a Cardinal uniform), John Tudor, Tom Herr, Jack Clark, Bruce Sutter, Keith Hernandez, Terry Pendleton, and Joaquin Andujar.

The 1985 World Series, christened the "I-70 Series" because it featured in-state rival Kansas City, is perhaps the most controversial in Cardinal history. Game 6 of that series featured "The Call". In the 9th inning, umpire Don Dekinger called Royals batter Jorge Orta safe at first base- a call later refuted by instant replay. The Cardinals, leading 1-0 at the time of the play and needing that victory to clinch the title, went on to lose Game 6 and then Game 7 the following night.

The Cardinals reached the post-season in 1987, losing to Minnesota in the World Series, and in 1996, when the Atlanta Braves defeated them for the National League pennant.

In 1998 everyone watched as Mark McGwire and Sammy Sosa of the Chicago Cubs battled to set the record for most homeruns in one season. Mark McGwire won the battle with 70 round-trippers, a record that stood until Barry Bonds hit 73 in 2001.

In 2000, the Cardinals lost to the New York Mets for the title of National League champion. In 2001, the Cardinals advanced to the post-season as a "Wild Card" team after posting the second-best record in the National League. The Arizona Diamondbacks defeated the Cardinals in a five-game playoff series.

Players of note

Baseball Hall of Famers: Jim Bottomley, Lou Brock, Dizzy Dean, Frank Frisch, Bob Gibson, Jesse Haines, Rogers Hornsby, Joe Medwick, Stan Musial, Branch Rickey (executive), Cy Young
Current stars: Jim Edmonds, Mike Matheny, Mark McGwire, Matt Morris, Albert Pujols.
Not to be forgotten: Curt Flood, Willie McGee, Ozzie Smith, John Tudor
Retired Numbers Include: #6, Stan Musial, #20, Lou Brock, #17, Dizzy Dean, #14, Keith Boyer, #1, Ozzie Smith

See also: Saint Louis, Missouri, Baseball, Saint Louis Blues, Saint Louis Rams.