The northern part of Great Britain, bordering to the south on England. Scotland consists of the mainland area plus several island groups, including the Shetlands, Hebrides, Orkneys, etc. The bagpipe, kilts and whisky are the perhaps the most recognized cultural items, although shortbread, haggis, Harris tweed, and the clan system are widely recognized.
Scotland is divided into two geographic areas - the Lowlands and the Highlands. These caused cultural divisions in the country where the Lowlands were, historically, more influenced by the English to the South.
The clan system in Scotland was one of its more distinguishing features. It had many similarities to the American Indian tribal system. Notable clans include Campbell, MacGregor, Stewart, MacDonald, MacLeod,...
Scotland is also known for:
- Loch Ness, said to contain the Loch Ness monster Nessie.
- The soft drink called Irn Bru.
- Deep fried Mars bars
- Scotch whisky
In 1603 the Scottish King James VI inherited the throne of England, and became James I of England. James moved to London and never returned to Scotland. In 1707 a Treaty of Union was signed between the Scottish and English Parliaments. The Scottish Parliament was dissolved and all its powers transferred to the English Parliament in London which then became the British Parliament. This state of affairs remained until May 1999 when a new Scottish Parliament was created.
For a list of kings over Scotland: