Shogun

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The term shogun (将軍), meaning "great general' is a contraction of seiitaishogun, meaning "the great general who overcomes the savages". Originally it was a title given to Japanese military commanders of princely rank for the duration of a campaign. However, after it had been awarded to Minamoto Yoritomo it became a hereditary title in the Minamoto lineage, indicating the de facto ruler of Japan, even while the emperor remained the de jure ruler.