Simon bar Kokhba

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Simon bar Kokhba was a Jewish pretender to be the Messiah around A.D. 130. He adopted the title 'bar kokhba', which is Hebrew for 'son of a star'. He lead a revolt against the Romans, from 132 to 135. He convinced many eminent Jews of the time of his claim to be the Messiah, such as Rabbi Akiba. He persecuted Christians when they refused to support his revolt. The revolt was brutally crushed by the Romans: Simon bar Kokhba was killed, and the position of the Jews in Israel was significantly weakened. Jews were forbidden to live in the area of Jerusalem.