Sinclair Research

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Pioneering home computer company of the 1980s, largely controlled by its founder, Sir Clive Sinclair. Formed in the 1961 as Sinclair Radionics, selling electronics components, audio amplifiers, radios, small TVs, pocket calculators and digital watches. In the early 1980s, the company split into two parts as Thandar Electronics and Science of Cambridge, the latter renamed as Sinclair Computers and then Sinclair Research, which rose to success with the release of the ZX80, ZX81 and the ZX Spectrum home computers. The company followed these successful products with the Sinclair QL (short for Quantum Leap) which, despite its technical merits, sold poorly. The C5 electric car, a supposedly cheap and efficient form of transport from the spin-off company Sinclair Vehicles, was perhaps a bigger commercial disaster. The rights to all Sinclair Research computer products were bought by Amstrad in 1986. Sinclair Research continues to exist and its founder continues to work in research, recently inventing an ear-piece radio and an electric bicycle motor.