A continent crossed by the equator, with most of its surface south of it. South America situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It became attached to North America only recently (in geological timescales). It was first inhabited by humans crossing the Bering Pass, now the Bering strait, though there are suggestions of migration from the southern Pacific Ocean.
Some of the countries are
- Guyana (see note)
- Suriname (see note)
There is also still a colony, the French Guiana.