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Spices are the strongly flavoured or aromatic parts of plants used in food as a preservative or flavouring in cooking. One notable exception is salt, a mineral that is usually considered a spice. Many spices were formerly used in medicine, though this use has decreased somewhat in later years.

Spices were some of the most valuable items of trade in the ancient and medieval world.

Individual spices (not including herbs, aromatic vegetables, and dried fruits used for similar purposes):

Common spice mixtures: