The capital and largest city in Sweden. Inner Stockholm has a population of around 700,000, and the city with suburbs has a population of roughly 1.8 million. It is pronounced stok'hôlm.
The earliest mention of Stockholm in in writing dates from 1252. At the time it was an important trade central for the iron trade from the mines in Bergslagen, since it was here that foregin ships made their purchases. It is said (although not entirely certain) that Stockholm was founded by Birger Jarl. Jarl was not his last name, but his title. A jarl was the right hand of the Swedish king, and the jarl was a very powerful man in medieval Sweden. Stockholm was originally founded to protect Sweden from invading navies, coming up through the Baltic Sea and then travelling through Mälaren to pillage cities such as Sigtuna. The first building in Stockholm was a fortification with the purpose of controlling traffic between the Baltic Sea and Mälaren.
Stockholm is the largest university city in Sweden, and is famous because of the Nobel Prize which is given here each year. It houses the university, and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), which is an esteemed school for engineers.
Stockholm has relatively recently begun a drive to profile itself as a tourist city. This has been fairly successful, although the number of hotel nights remain somewhat underdimensioned.
- The city's official website, http://www.stockholm.se/
- Stockholm Information Service, http://www.stockholmtown.com/
- Allt om Stockholm, http://www.aos.se/