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The term strategos is used in Greek to mean "general". In the Byzantine Empire the term was also used in the to describe a military governer.

the Office of Strategos in Athenian Democracy

In the Athenian Democracy strategoi, the generals, were elected by name rather than chosen by lottery.

Following the reforms of Pericles, all Athenian positions except the strategos were selected by lottery and were paid so that any Athenian citizen could take part in office. The role of strategos remained an aristocratic position as both wealth and popularity were required to fill the office.

Some of the more notable Athenian strategoi were:

Pericles the great proponent of Democracy in Athens
Thucydides the author of "The Peloponnesian War"