Sushi (鮨 or 鮓 or 寿司) is a Japanese dish consisting of lumps of rice and (usually) raw fish, raw or cooked shellfish, or vegetables. The rice used in sushi are seasoned with sugar and vinegar. Sushi is eaten with chopsticks, and before eating it is often dipped in soy sauce with some wasabi mixed in. There are a number of different ways to make sushi. Some of the more common are
- makisushi (巻き寿司) which is made by taking a sheet of dried seaweed, putting on a layer of rice (leaving a couple of centimeters free in one end), and then adding some fish or vegetables. This is rolled up and "glued" together by wetting the seaweed so that it sticks together. The roll is then cut up into slices about two centimeters thick.
- nigirisushi (握り寿司) is made by pressing rice together into a lump slightly smaller than a hen's egg. On top of this, a piece of fish, prawn, or something similar is placed (often with some wasabi) underneath it. Sometimes a thin band of seaweed is used to secure the fish.
- temakisushi (手巻き寿司 or handroll) is a large cone formed by a sheet of dried sea weed filled with rice and other ingradients. A handroll is eaten with the fingers since it is too big to be held by chopsticks.
See also sashimi.