Thomas Henry Huxley

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Thomas Henry Huxley was an English biologist who was termed "Darwin's Bulldog" for his defense of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. His scientific debates against Richard Owen demonstrated that there were close similarities between the cerebral anatomy of humans and gorillas. Interestingly, Huxley did not accept many of Darwin's ideas (e.g. gradualism), and was more interested in advocating a materialist professional science than in defending natural selection.

A talented popularizer of science, he coined the term "agnosticism". Huxley was also the grandfather of Aldous Huxley.