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A legal cause of action based in wrongful conduct resulting in injury or other damages, but not arising out of contract. Torts are legally compensible, preventable or remediable by payment of money damages, amendatory or compensatory action, or by the imposition of specific behavior or retraint from same as ordered by injunction of a court.

There are both civil and criminal torts. A civil tort is conceived to have occurred when a wrongful act which is not specifically prohibited by criminal law damages a private individual. If the party acting wrongfully intended for the damage to follow the act, it is called an intentional tort. Otherwise, it is an ordinary, unintentional, or negligent tort. This distinction is important because a number of types of insurance will not indemnify an insured for an intentional tort. A criminal tort involves harm or damage stemming from a violation of criminal law and may damage a private individual, the public at large, or the state.