Torun (German Thorn, Latin Thorunensis), city and one of two capitals (with Bydgoszcz) of Kujawsko-Pomorskie region in north-central Poland, on the Vistula River. Thorn in Culmer Land in Old Prussia was the birthplace of Nicolaus Copernicus (1473) and his uncle, bishop of Ermland (Latin Warmia) Lucas Watzenrode. After WW I Thorn was given to Poland .
Under Poland a university in Torun was founded in 1945.
Thorn was a Hanseatic League city. Because of heavy flooding along the Vistula River the city was moved. There is an Altstadt Thorn.
- 1440 the Hanseatic League cities of Elbing, Danzig and Thorn form the Prussian Confederation (Preussischer Bund)
- 1454 the Teutonic rule is overthrown. War of the cities of Prussia against Catholic Teutonic Knights.
- 1466 Thorn is declared a free city
- 1525 Prussia becomes Lutheran Protestant
- 1793 Thorn joined the State of Brandenburg-Prussia
- 1919 Thorn and other parts of the German Empire are seperated at Versailles and became known as Polish Corridor
Name of city
Some attempts at guesses after Polish take-over of city: Name comes from Polish Tarnów (there are many such cities in Poland, tarnina = kind of river plants), which was later Germanized into Thorn, and re-Polonized into Torun. Name Torun itself doesn't have any etymological meaning. (reference: Professor Jan Miodek said so)
- a 1570 map of Prussia: http://www.uni-mannheim.de/mateo/desbillons/atlas/seite70.html with city of Thorn .