Trans-Neptunian object

From Wikipedia

HomePage | Recent changes | View source | Discuss this page | Page history | Log in |

Printable version | Disclaimers | Privacy policy

Trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) are any objects in the solar system that have an orbit beyond Neptune. The Kuiper Belt and Oort cloud are names for some subdivisions of that volume of space. Pluto is a trans-Neptunian object, and if it had been discovered today, it might not be called a planet. Another of the named Trans-Neptunian Objects is Varuna. In July 2001 a new object "2001 KX76" half the size of Pluto was discovered.

Gravity, the attracting force between all matter, also attracts planets. Due to the changes in the orbits of the known planets in the early 1900s, it was assumed that there was one or more planets beyond Neptune, but not yet identified. This search for these led to the discovery of Pluto, and since then a few other significant objects have been found. These are still too small to explain the perturbations, though, and revised estimates of Neptune's mass showed that the problem was fictitious.

Some kinds of TNOs: Plutinos, cubewanos.

External links:

University of Arizona
Scientific American magazine

/Talk