Triple Alliance

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Treaty by which Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy pledged (20 May 1882) to support each other militarily in the event of an attack against any of them by two or more great powers. Germany and Italy additionally undertook to support one another in the event of attack by France. In a supplementary declaration, however, Italy specified that her undertakings could not be regarded as being directed against the United Kingdom. Shortly after renewing the Alliance in 1902, Italy secretly extended a similar guarantee to France, effectively nullifying her part in the alliance.

see also

Dual Alliance (1879)