See U.S. presidential election for results from other years.
The year 2000 election for the President of the United States was one of the closest and most controversial Presidential elections in the history of the United States. The election was marked by the extraordinarily close vote in Florida, whose electoral votes determined the election. The counting and recounting of Florida presidential ballots extended for months following the election. In the end, a split decision by the U.S. Supreme Court ended the election, and Texas Governor George W. Bush was elected president, and Vice President Albert Arnold Gore came in second.
The Republican Party primary came down to a race between Bush and Arizona Senator John McCain. McCain's campaign, centered on Campaign finance reform, drew the most press coverage and the greatest popular excitement. Many Republicans complained that Democrats and other non-Republicans enrolled in the party for the express purpose of voting for McCain, thus skewing the results. Bush's campaign focused on compassionate conservatism, including a greater role for the federal government in funding education and large reductions in the income and capital gains tax rates.
McCain won 48% of the vote to Bush's 30% in the New Hampshire primary, the first primary held, giving his campaign a great boost of energy, volunteers, and donations.
Other candidates included: political activist Gary Bauer, businessman Steve Forbes, Utah Senator Orrin Hatch, minister Alan Keyes, former Tennessee Governor Lamar Alexander, former Red Cross director Elizabeth Dole, Ohio Congressman John Kasich, and former Vice President Dan Quayle.
Bauer and Hatch campaigned on a traditional Republican platform of opposition to legalized abortion and reductions in U.S. taxes. Keyes had a far more conservative platform, calling for the elimination of all federal taxes except tariffs. Steve Forbes campaigned on making the federal income tax non-graduated, an idea he called the flat tax.
Minor Party Candidates
There were five other candidates on the majority of the 51 ballots (50 states plus the District of Columbia): Harry Browne (Libertarian, 50), Pat Buchanan (Reform, 49), Ralph Nader (Green, 44), Howard Phillips (Constitution, 41), and John Hagelin (Natural Law, 38).
Nader's candidacy was the most successful, drawing 2.74% of the popular vote. His campaign was marked by a travelling tour of "super-rallies"; large rallies held in sports arenas like Madison Square Garden, MC-ed by film-maker Michael Moore. After initially ignoring Nader, the Gore campaign made a big publicity pitch to (potential) Nader supporters in the final weeks of the campaign, on the grounds that Gore's ideas were more similar to Nader's ideas than Bush's were, but Gore had a better chance of winning than Nader. In the aftermath of the campaign, many Gore supporters blamed Nader for drawing enough would-be Gore votes to push Bush over Gore.
Buchanan's primary battle was especially vicious. In 1992 and 1996, the Reform party had nominated Ross Perot for president, and Buchanan had run for (and lost) the nomination of the Republican Party. Some Reform Party supporters therefore felt that Buchanan was highjacking their party, and tried to nominate Hagelin. The convention ended with the Hagelin supporters walking out and conducting their own parallel convention. Which group was the true Reform Party (and thus entitled to public financing due to their strong showing in the previous election) was decided by lawsuit.
Florida election results
The national television networks called Florida for Gore, then Bush, then announcing it too close to call.
Butterfly ballot. Hanging and pregnant chads.
Military and non-military.
U.S. Supreme Court
Media post-electoral studies
Adapted from http://fecweb1.fec.gov/pubrec/2000presgeresults.htm, a government document.
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CHART 3 OF 3
|Write-in (Miscellaneous)||None of these candidates||Total votes case||Electoral vote, Bush||Electoral vote, Gore|
Notes on results
** 138,216 Miscellaneous write-in, blank and void votes were compiled as one total. This figure is not included in Total Votes Cast.
#Write-in votes for Presidential candidates not permitted.
##The District of Columbia has 3 electoral votes. There was 1 abstention.
Total Electoral Vote = 538
Total Electoral Vote Needed to Elect = 270
- /Results (Full results)