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Unemployment measures the percentage of able bodied workers that are not employed.

The category able bodied workers does not usually include:

  • children
  • elderly
  • disabled people - this includes both mentallly and physically diasbled people.

This is a little strange because employment is usally defined by converting into a percentaage the ratio of: (people who are employed)/(able-bodied persons). Then for the set of {people who are employed} we include the disabled but employed. But for the set of able bodied, we exclude them. In an ideal world where the majority of disabled people have the necessary accomodations and health care to work, this ratio could conceivably be over 100%.

Q. Is this a formal definition from somewhere and a current one?

In the United States, the number is complicated because it does not count able bodied workers that are no longer looking for work.