Vietnam/People

< Vietnam

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Population: 78,773,873 (July 2000 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 33% (male 13,353,828; female 12,516,289) 
15-64 years: 62% (male 23,691,412; female 24,951,397) 
65 years and over: 5% (male 1,696,708; female 2,564,239) (2000 est.) 

Population growth rate: 1.49% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 21.62 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 6.26 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.51 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female 
under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female 
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female 
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female 
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2000 est.) 

Infant mortality rate: 31.13 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 69.27 years 
male: 66.84 years 
female: 71.87 years (2000 est.) 

Total fertility rate: 2.53 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Vietnamese (singular and plural) 
adjective: Vietnamese 

Ethnic groups: Vietnamese 85%-90%, Chinese 3%, Muong, Tai, Meo, Khmer, Man, Cham

Religions: Buddhist, Taoist, Roman Catholic, indigenous beliefs, Muslim, Protestant, Cao Dai, Hoa Hao

Languages: Vietnamese (official), Chinese, English, French, Khmer, tribal languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 93.7% 
male: 96.5% 
female: 91.2% (1995 est.)