Walter Gropius was born in Berlin in 1883. He was an architect, like his father before him, and designed buildings which used modern materials and are often compared to abstract paintings. He founded the Bauhaus, a school of design where students were taught to use modern and innovative materials to create original furniture and buildings. Gropius left Germany in 1934 due to the rising power of the Nazi Party and lived and worked in Britain and then America. He died in 1969 in Massachusetts.
- Bauhaus, 1919-1925, Dessau, Germany
- Gropius House, 1937, Lincoln, Massachusetts
- Harvard Graduate Center, 1950, Cambridge, Massachusetts