Wannsee conference

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The name given to the discussion about the final solution (Endlösung) of the Jewish question which took place in Berlin, am Grossen Wannsee on January 20, 1942.

Discussion centred on the aim of the expulsion of the Jews from every sphere of life of the German people and the expulsion of the Jews from the living space of the German people. Measures to date were discussed and the concept of the 'deportation' of the Jews to the East was introduced - for "appropriate labour... in the course of which action doubtless a large portion will be eliminated by natural causes", the "final remnant will... have to be treated accordingly, because it... would, if released, act as a the seed of a new Jewish revival". The number of Jews in Europe were enumerated (roughly 11m) and the methods of evacuation were considered with regard to age and country of origin. The treatment of people with 'mixed blood' was also carefully discussed.

The meeting is noted as the first discussion of the 'final solution' and also because the records and minutes of the meeting were found intact by the Allies at the end if WW II and used during the Nuremberg Trials.

Present were: SS-Obergruppenfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich (Chief of the Security Police and the SD), Gauleiter Dr. Meyer, Reichsamtleiter Dr. Leibbrandt (Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern territories), Dr. Stuckart (Reich Ministry for the Interior), Neumann (Head of the Four Year Plan), Dr. Freisler (Reich Ministry of Justice), Dr. Buhler (Office of the Government General), Dr. Luther (Foreign Office), SS-Oberfuhrer Klopfer and Ministerialdirektor Kritzinger (Reich Chancellery), SS-Gruppenfuhrer Hofmann (Race and Settlement Main Office), SS-Gruppenfuhrer Muller and SS-Obersturmbannfuhrer Eichmann (Reich Main Security Office), SS-Oberfuhrer Dr. Schongarth (Commander of the SD), SS-Sturmbannfuhrer Dr. Lange (Commander of the SD for Latvia).