Russian author of many books, most remarkably We. This book influenced both 1984 and Brave New World
An early Bolshevik and later critic of the Soviet dictatorship. He was arrested during the abortive revolution of 1905. Held as suspect by the Soviet authorities after the revolution in 1917, particularly because of his very political writings, he was eventually given permission to leave Russia by Stalin in 1931. He lived in Paris from 1931-1937, where he died.
(contributed by Shaun)